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Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with diseases related to gums. It is usually a microbial infection, which gradually destroys the tissue surrounding and supporting natural teeth. The bacteria in our mouth along with saliva and other food particles constantly form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Proper brushing and flossing can remove plaque. Accumulation of excessive levels of plaque results in hardened substance called tartar. Only a professional cleaning by dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.
Maintaining good oral hygiene is an important aspect to prevent gum disease. Treating gum disease at an early stage is essential. If left untreated
It may lead to:
1.Loss of teeth
2.Medical conditions such as diabetes may worsen
3.Increased chance of heart disease or stroke